Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin - Lebenswissen­schaftliche Fakultät - Institut für Psychologie



Prof. Dr. rer. soc. habil. Werner Sommer

Biologische Psychologie / Psychophysiologie


Jiang, Z., Recio, G., Li, W., Zhu, P., He, J., & Sommer, W. (2023). The other-race effect in facial expression processing: Behavioral and ERP evidence from a balanced cross-cultural study in women. International Journal of Psychophysiology 183, 53-60.

Katembu, S., Zahedi, A., & Sommer, W. (2023). Childhood trauma and violent behavior in adolescents are differentially related to cognitive-emotional deficits. Frontiers in Public Health, 11.

Kotowski, K., Ochab, J., Stapor, K., & Sommer, W. (2023). The importance of ocular artifact removal in single-trial ERP analysis: The case of the N250 in face learning. Biomedical Signal Processing and Control, 79, 104115.

Li, X., Kaur, Y., Wilhelm, O., Reuter, M., Montag, C., Sommer, W., Zhou, C., & Hildebrandt, A. (2023). Resting state brain signal complexity discriminates young healthy APOE e4-carriers from non-e4-carriers. European Journal of Neuroscience.

Shi, Y., Kang, J., Sommer, W., & Cao, X. (2023). The development of processing second-order spatial relations of faces in Chinese preschoolers. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 232.

Zahedi, A., Öznur Akalin, R., Lawrence, J. E., Baumann, A., & Sommer, W. (2023). The nature and persistence of the effects of posthypnotic suggestions on food preferences: The final report of an online study. Frontiers in Psychology, 14.

Zhang, Z., Zhang, H., Sommer, W., Yang, X., Wei, Z., & Li, W. (2023). Musical training alters neural processing of tones and vowels in classic Chinese poems. Brain and Cognition, 166, 105952.


Aristei, S., Knoop, C. A., Lubrich, O., Nehrlich, T., Enge, A., Stark, K., Sommer, W., & Abdel Rahman, R. (2022). Affect as Anaesthetic: how emotional contexts modulate the processing of counterintuitive concepts. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 1–17.

Bagherzadeh-Azbari, S., Lau, G. K. B., Ouyang, G., Zhou, C., Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., & Lui, M. (2022). Multimodal evidence of atypical processing of eye gaze and facial emotion in children with autistic traits. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 16.

Bagherzadeh-Azbari, S., Lau, G. K. B., Ouyang, G., Zhou, C., Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., & Lui, M. (2022). Multimodal evidence of atypical processing of eye gaze and facial emotion in children with autistic traits. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 16.

Bagherzadeh‐Azbari, S., Lion, C. J., Stephani, T., Dimigen, O., & Sommer, W. (2022). The impact of emotional facial expressions on reflexive attention depends on the aim of dynamic gaze changes: An ERP study. Psychophysiology.

Hernández-Gutiérrez, D., Muñoz, F., Khosrowtaj, Z., Sommer, W., Jiménez-Ortega, L., Abdel Rahman, R., Sánchez-García, J., Casado, P., Fondevila, S., Espuny, J., & Martín-Loeches, M. (2022). How the speaker’s emotional facial expressions may affect language comprehension. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 1-14.

Huang, X., Wong, W. L., Tse, C. Y., Sommer, W., Dimigen, O., & Maurer, U. (2022). Is there magnocellular facilitation of early neural processes underlying visual word recognition? Evidence from masked repetition priming with ERPs. Neuropsychologia, 108230.

Huang, X., Wong, W. L., Tse, C. Y., Sommer, W., Dimigen, O., & Maurer, U. (2022). Is there magnocellular facilitation of early neural processes underlying visual word recognition? Evidence from masked repetition priming with ERPs. Neuropsychologia, 108230.

Kang, J., Li, C., Sommer, W., & Cao, X. (2022). The left-side bias is reduced to other-race faces in Caucasian individuals. Frontiers in Psychology, 13.

Katembu, S., Xu, Q., Nowparast-Rostami, H., Recio, G., & Sommer, W. (2022). Effects of social context on deliberate facial expressions: Evidence from a Stroop-like task. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior.

Kristanto, D., Liu, X., Sommer, W., Hildebrandt, A., & Zhou, C. (2022). What do neuroanatomical networks reveal about the ontology of human cognitive abilities? iScience, 25(8), 104706.

Kristanto, D., Liu, X., Sommer, W., Hildebrandt, A., & Zhou, C. (2022). What do neuroanatomical networks reveal about the ontology of human cognitive abilities? iScience, 25(8), 104706.

Li, N., Dimigen, O., Sommer, W., Wang, S. (2022). Parafoveal words can modulate sentence meaning: Electrophysiological evidence from an RSVP-with-flanker task. Psychophysiology, e14053.

Lui, M., Lau, G. K. B., Han, Y. M. Y., Yuen, K. C. P., & Sommer, W. (2022). Strong relationship between rapid auditory processing and affective prosody recognition among adults with high autistic traits. Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders.

Ma, X., Kang, J., Li, X., Maurer, U., Cao, X., & Sommer, W. (2022). Does learning different script systems affect configural visual processing? ERP evidence from early readers of Chinese and German. Psychophysiology.

Ma, X., Modersitzki, N., Maurer, U., & Sommer, W. (2022). Neural sensitivity to faces is increased by immersion into a novel ethnic environment: Evidence from ERPs. Psychophysiology, 00, e14147.

Muñoz, F., Hildebrandt, A., Schacht, A., Stürmer, B., Bröcker, F., Martín-Loeches, M., & Sommer, W. (2022). Determinants of quality, specificity, and stability of emotional episodic memories in a fine-dining context. International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science.

Recio, G., Surdzhiyska, Y., Bagherzadeh-Azbari, S., Hilpert, P., Rostami, H. N., Xu, Q., & Sommer, W. (2022). Deliberate control over facial expressions in motherhood. Evidence from a Stroop-like task. Acta Psychologica, 228.

Schwarz, C., Benson, G. S., Antonenko, D., Horn, N., Köbe, T., Klimecki, O., Sommer, W., Wirth, M., & Flöel, A. (2022). Negative affective burden is associated with higher resting-state functional connectivity in subjective cognitive decline. Scientific Reports, 12(1).

Sommer, W., Stapor, K., Kończak, G., Kotowski, K., Fabian, P., Ochab, J., Bereś, A., & Ślusarczyk, G. (2022). Changepoint Detection in Noisy Data Using a Novel Residuals Permutation-Based Method (RESPERM): Benchmarking and Application to Single Trial ERPs. Brain Sciences, 12(5), 525.

Sun, Y., Sommer, W., & Li, W. (2022). How accentuation influences the processing of emotional words in spoken language: An ERP study. Neuropsychologia, 108144.

Xue, P., Sommer, W., & Cao, X. (2022). Sex differences in perceptual processing of Chinese characters emerge in middle-grade primary school children. Current Psychology.

Yuan, Y., Liu, J., Wu, Z., Zhou, G., Sommer, W., & Yue, Z. (2022). Does Eye Gaze Uniquely Trigger Spatial Orienting to Socially Relevant Information? A Behavioral and ERP Study. Brain Sciences, 12(9).

Zahedi, A., & Sommer, W. (2022). Can hypnotic susceptibility be explained by bifactor models? Structural equation modeling of the Harvard group scale of hypnotic susceptibility – Form A. Consciousness and Cognition, 99.

Zahedi, A., Öznur Akalin, R., Lawrence, J. E., Baumann, A., & Sommer, W. (2022). The nature and persistence of posthypnotic suggestions' effects on food preferences: An online study [Registered Report]. Frontiers in Nutrition, 9.


Bertonatti, M., Weymar, M., Sommer, W., & Fischer, M. H. (2021). Reaching out for food: How food incentives modulate peripersonal space perception. Journal of Cognition, 4(1), 1-18.

Frömer, R., Nassar, M. R., Bruckner, R., Stürmer, B., Sommer, W., & Yeung, N. (2021). Response-based outcome predictions and confidence regulate feedback processing and learning. Elife, 10.

Hernández-Gutiérrez, D., Muñoz, F., Sánchez-García, J., Sommer, W., Abdel Rahman, R., Casado, P., Jiménez-Ortega, L., Espuny, J., Fondevila, S., & Martín-Loeches, M. (2021). Situating language in a minimal social context: How seeing a picture of the speaker’s face affects language comprehension. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience. 1-10. 10.1093/scan/nsab009..

Meyer, K., Nowparast Rostami, H., Ouyang, G., Debener, S., Sommer, W., & Hildebrandt, A. (2021). Mechanisms of face specificity – Differentiating speed and accuracy in face cognition by event-related potentials of central processing. Cortex, 134, 114-133.

Meyer, K., Sommer, W., & Hildebrandt, A. (2021). Reflections and new perspectives on face cognition as a specific socio-cognitive ability. Journal of Intelligence 9(30).

Meykadeh, A., Golfam, A., H., Batouli, S. A., & Sommer, W. (2021). Overlapping but language-specific mechanisms in morphosyntactic processing in highly competent L2 acquired at school entry: fMRI evidence from an alternating language switching task. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 15, Article 728549.

Meykadeh, A., Golfam, A., Nasrabadi, A. M., Ameri, H., & Sommer, W. (2021). First event-related potentials evidence of auditory morphosyntactic processing in a subject-object-verb nominative-accusative language (Farsi). Frontiers in Psychology, 12(5970).

Sommer, W., Stapor, K., Kończak, G., Kotowski, K., Fabian, P., Ochab, J., Bereś, A., & Ślusarczyk, G. (2021). The N250 event-related potential as an index of face familiarity: a replication study. Royal Society Open Science, 8(6), 202356.

Xu, J., Abdel Rahman, R., & Sommer, W. (2021). Sequential adaptation effects reveal proactive control in processing spoken sentences: Evidence from event-related potentials. Brain and Language, 214, 104904.

Xu, J., Abdel Rahman, R., & Sommer, W. (2021). Who speaks next? Adaptations to speaker identity in processing spoken sentences. Psychophysiology, e13948.

Zhang, J., He, X., Sommer, W., & Yue, Z. (2021). Does gaze direction of fearful faces facilitate the processing of threat? An ERP study of spatial precuing effects. Cognitive, Affective and Behavioral Neuroscience.

Zhang, L., Yang, Q., Sommer, W., Chen, C., Guo, G., & Cao, X. (2021). The composite face effect between young and older Chinese adults remains stable. Frontiers in Psychology, 12.


Kaur, Y., Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., Weiss, S., Zhou, C., & Hildebrandt, A. (2020). What Does Temporal Brain Signal Complexity Reveal About Verbal Creativity? Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 14.

Kristanto, D., Liu, M., Liu, X., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2020). Predicting reading ability from brain anatomy and function: From areas to connections. Neuroimage, 218, 116966. doi:

Lui, M., Li, X., Sommer, W., Hildebrandt, A., Lau, G. K., & Zhou, C. (2020). Sex differences in behavioral and brain responses to incongruity in emotional speech controlling for autistic traits. Biological Psychology, 107973.

Nowparast Rostami, H., Hildebrandt, A., & Sommer, W. (2020). Sex-specific relationships between face memory and the N170 component in event-related potentials. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 587-597. doi:10.1093/scan/nsaa059

Pajkert, A., Ploner, C. J., Lehmann, T. N., Witte, V. A., Oltmanns, F., Sommer, W., . . . Finke, C. (2020). Early volumetric changes of hippocampus and medial prefrontal cortex following medial temporal lobe resection. European Journal of Neuroscience. doi:10.1111/ejn.14784

Sommer, W., Hildebrandt, A., & Schacht, A. (2020). Face Perception. In: F. Maggino (Ed.), Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research (pp. 1-4). Springer International Publishing.

Stephani, T., Kirk Driller, K., Dimigen, O., & Sommer, W. (2020). Eye contact in active and passive viewing: Event-related brain potential evidence from a combined eye tracking and EEG study. Neuropsychologia, 107478. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2020.107478

Zahedi, A., Luczak, A., & Sommer, W. (2020). Modification of food preferences by posthypnotic suggestions: An event-related brain potential study. APPETITE, 104713. doi:

Zahedi, A., Stürmer, B., & Sommer, W. (2020). Can Posthypnotic Suggestions Boost Updating in Working Memory? Behavioral and ERP Evidence. Neuropsychologia, 107632.


Hohlfeld, A., Martin-Loeches, M., & Sommer, W. (2019). The nature of morphosyntactic processing during language perception. Evidence from an additional-task study in Spanish and German. International Journal of Psychophysiology. doi:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2019.06.016

Kaur, Y., Ouyang, G., Junge, M., Sommer, W., Liu, M., Zhou, C., & Hildebrandt, A. (2019). The reliability and psychometric structure of Multi-Scale Entropy measured from EEG signals at rest and during face and object recognition tasks. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 326, 108343. doi:

Kirk Driller, K., Stephani, T., Dimigen, O., & Sommer, W. (2019). Large lateralized EDAN-like brain potentials in a gaze-shift detection task. Psychophysiology. doi:10.1111/psyp.13361

Li, X., Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., Wilhelm, O., Reuter, M., Montag, C., & Zhou, C. (2019). Cognitive Performance in Young APOE epsilon4 Carriers: A Latent Variable Approach for Assessing the Genotype-Phenotype Relationship. Behavior Genetics, 49, 455–468. doi:10.1007/s10519-019-09961-y

Liu, X., Hildebrandt, A., Meyer, K., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2020). Patterns of individual differences in fiber tract integrity of the face processing brain network support neurofunctional models. Neuroimage, 204, 116229. doi:

Rabovsky, M., Conrad, M., Álvarez, C.J., Paschke-Goldt, J., & Sommer, W. (2019). Attentional modulation of orthographic neighborhood effects during reading: Evidence from event-related brain potentials in a psychological refractory period paradigm. PLOS ONE, 14(1): e0199084.

Storbeck, F., Schlegelmilch, K., Streitberger, K.-J., Sommer, W., & Ploner, C. J. (2019). Delayed recognition of emotional facial expressions in Bell's palsy. Cortex, 120, 524-531. doi:10.1016/j.cortex.2019.07.015

Xu, J., Abdel Rahman, R., & Sommer, W. (2019). Perceived language competence modulates criteria for speech error processing: evidence from event-related potentials. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 35, 1-14. DOI:10.1080/23273798.2018.1562558.

Yan, M., & Sommer, W. (2019). The effects of emotional significance of foveal words on the parafoveal processing of N + 2 words in reading Chinese sentences. Reading and Writing, 32(5), 1243–1256. doi:10.1007/s11145-018-9914-x

Zahedi, A., Abdel Rahman, R., Stürmer, B., & Sommer, W. (2019). Common and specific loci of Stroop effects in vocal and manual tasks, revealed by event-related brain potentials and posthypnotic suggestions. Journal of Experimental Psychology. General, 148(9), 1575–1594.

Zhang, H., Liu, M., Li, W., & Sommer, W. (2019). Human voice attractiveness processing: Electrophysiological evidence. Biological Psychology, 107827. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2019.107827


Benson, G., Hildebrandt, A., Lange, C., Schwarz, C., Köbe, T., Sommer, W., . . . Wirth, M. (2018). Functional connectivity in cognitive control networks mitigates the impact of white matter lesions in the elderly. Alzheimer's Research & Therapy, 10(1). doi:10.1186/s13195-018-0434-3

Ćepulić, D.-B., Wilhelm, O., Sommer, W., & Hildebrandt, A. (2018). All categories are equal, but some categories are more equal than others: The psychometric structure of object and face cognition. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 44(8), 1254-1268. doi:10.1037/xlm0000511

Hernández-Gutiérrez, D., Abdel Rahman, R., Martín-Loeches, M., Muñoz, F., Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2018). Does dynamic information about the speaker's face contribute to semantic speech processing? ERP evidence. Cortex, 104, 12-25.

Kashyap, R., Bhattacharjee, S., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2018). Repetition priming effects for famous faces through dynamic causal modelling of latency-corrected event-related brain potentials. European Journal of Neuroscience. doi:10.1111/ejn.14303

Munoz, F., Hildebrandt, A., Schacht, A., Stürmer, B., Bröcker, F., Martin-Loeches, M., & Sommer, W. (2018). What makes the hedonic experience of a meal in a top restaurant special and retrievable in the long term? Meal-related, social and personality factors. Appetite, 125, 454-465. doi:10.1016/j.appet.2018.02.024

Petrakova, A., Sommer, W., Junge, M., & Hildebrandt, A. (2018). Configural face perception in childhood and adolescence: An individual differences approach. Acta Psychologica, 188, 148-176. doi:

Recio, G., & Sommer, W. (2018). Copycat of dynamic facial expressions: Superior volitional motor control for expressions of disgust. Neuropsychologia, 119, 512–523. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2018.08.027

Stürmer, B., Ouyang, G., Palazova, M., Schacht, A., Martín-Loeches, M., Rausch, P., & Sommer, W. (2018). Lunching for Relaxation or Cognitive Control? After-Effects of Social and Solitary Meals. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 14(1), 14-20. doi:10.5709/acp-0234-3


Kaltwasser, L., Hildebrandt, A., Wilhelm, O., & Sommer, W. (2017). On the Relationship of Emotional Abilities and Prosocial Behavior. Evolution and Human Behavior, 38, 298-308. doi:

Kaltwasser, L., Moore, K., Weinreich, A., & Sommer, W. (2017). The influence of emotion type, social value orientation and processing focus on approach-avoidance tendencies to negative dynamic facial expressions. Motivation and Emotion, 41(4), 532–544. doi:10.1007/s11031-017-9624-8

Kornrumpf, B., Dimigen, O., & Sommer, W. (2017). Lateralization of posterior alpha EEG reflects the distribution of spatial attention during saccadic reading. Psychophysiology, 54(6), 809-823. doi:10.1111/psyp.12849

Künecke, J., Wilhelm, O., & Sommer, W. (2017). Emotion Recognition in Nonverbal Face-to-Face Communication. Journal of Nonverbal Behavior, 41, 221–238. doi:10.1007/s10919-017-0255-2

Liu, X., Hildebrandt, A., Recio, G., Sommer, W., Cai, X., & Wilhelm, O. (2017). Individual Differences in the Speed of Facial Emotion Recognition Show Little Specificity but Are Strongly Related with General Mental Speed: Psychometric, Neural and Genetic Evidence. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience, 11(149). doi:10.3389/fnbeh.2017.00149

Martín-Loeches, M., Ouyang, G., Rausch, P., Stürmer, B., Palazova, M., Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2017). Test–retest reliability of the N400 component in a sentence-reading paradigm. Language, Cognition and Neuroscience, 32(10), 1261-1272. doi:10.1080/23273798.2017.1330485

Maruo, Y., Sommer, W., & Masaki, H. (2017). The effect of monetary punishment on error evaluation in a Go/No-go task. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 120, 54-59. doi:

Meyberg, S., Sinn, P., Engbert, R., & Sommer, W. (2017). Revising the link between microsaccades and the spatial cueing of voluntary attention. Vision Research, 133, 47-60. doi:

Meyberg, S., Sommer, W., & Dimigen, O. (2017). How microsaccades relate to lateralized ERP components of spatial attention: A co-registration study. Neuropsychologia, 99, 64-80. doi:10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2017.02.023

Nowparast Rostami, H., Saville, C. W. N., Klein, C., Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., Zhou, C., & Hildebrandt, A. (2017). COMT genotype is differentially associated with single trial variability of ERPs as a function of memory type. Biological Psychology, 127, 209-219. doi:

Nowparast Rostami, H., Sommer, W., Zhou, C., Wilhelm, O., & Hildebrandt, A. (2017). Structural encoding processes contribute to individual differences in face and object cognition: Inferences from psychometric test performance and event-related brain potentials. Cortex, 95, 192-210. doi:

Ouyang, G., Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2017). Exploiting the intra-subject latency variability from single-trial event-related potentials in the P3 time range: A review and comparative evaluation of methods. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 75, 1-21. doi:

Pajkert, A., Finke, C., Shing, Y.-L., Hoffmann, M., Sommer, W., Heekeren, H. R., & Ploner, C. J. (2017). Memory integration in humans with hippocampal lesions. Hippocampus, 27, 1230-1238. doi:10.1002/hipo.22766

Pajkert, A., Finke, C., Shing, Y.-L., Hoffmann, M., Sommer, W., Heekeren, H. R., & Ploner, C. J. (2017). Memory integration in humans with hippocampal lesions. Hippocampus, 27, 1230-1238. doi:10.1002/hipo.22766

Recio, G., Wilhelm, O., Sommer, W., & Hildebrandt, A. (2017). Are event-related potentials to dynamic facial expressions of emotion related to individual differences in the accuracy of processing facial expressions and identity? Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 17(2), 364-380. doi:10.3758/s13415-016-0484-6

Valt, C., Stürmer, B., Sommer, W., & Boehm, S. (2017). Early response activation in repetition priming: an LRP study. Experimental Brain Research. doi:10.1007/s00221-017-5017-1

Vicario, C. M., Sommer, W., Kuran, K. A., & Rafal, R. D. (2017). Salivary secretion and disgust: A pilot study. Acta Psychologica, 178, 18-24. doi:

Zahedi, A., Stürmer, B., Hatami, J., Rostami, R., & Sommer, W. (2017). Eliminating stroop effects with post-hypnotic instructions: Brain mechanisms inferred from EEG. Neuropsychologia, 96, 70-77. doi:


Fondevila, S., Aristei, S., Sommer, W., Jiménez-Ortega, L., Casado, P., & Martín-Loeches, M. (2016). Counterintuitive Religious Ideas and Metaphoric Thinking: An Event-Related Brain Potential Study. Cognitive Science, 40(4), 972-991. doi:10.1111/cogs.12263

Frömer, R., Stürmer, B., & Sommer, W. (2016). (Don’t) Mind the effort: Effects of contextual interference on ERP indicators of motor preparation. Psychophysiology, 10, 1577-1586.

Frömer, R., Stürmer, B., & Sommer, W. (2016). Come to think of it: Contributions of reasoning abilities and training schedule to skill acquisition in a virtual throwing task. Acta Psychologica, 170, 58-65. doi:

Frömer, R., Stürmer, B., & Sommer, W. (2016). The better, the bigger: The effect of graded positive performance feedback on the reward positivity. Biological Psychology, 114, 61-68. doi:

Hildebrandt, A., Kiy, A., Reuter, M., Sommer, W., & Wilhelm, O. (2016). Face and emotion expression processing and the serotonin transporter polymorphism 5-HTTLPR/rs22531. Genes, Brain and Behavior, 15(5), 453-464. doi:10.1111/gbb.12295

Kaltwasser, L., Hildebrandt, A., Wilhelm, O., & Sommer, W. (2016). Behavioral and neuronal determinants of negative reciprocity in the ultimatum game. Social Cognitive and Affective Neuroscience, 11(10), 1608-1617. doi:10.1093/scan/nsw069

Kashyap, R., Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2016). Improved Source Localization of Priming Effect of Face Recognition Based on RIDE. In R. Wang & X. Pan (Eds.), Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (V): Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics - 2015 (pp. 533-539). Singapore: Springer Singapore.

Kashyap, R., Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2016). Neuroanatomic localization of priming effects for famous faces with latency-corrected event-related potentials. Brain Research, 1632, 58-72. doi:

Korinth, S. P., Dimigen, O., Sommer, W., & Breznitz, Z. (2016). Reading training by means of disappearing text: effects on reading performance and eye movements. Reading and Writing, 29(6), 1245-1268. doi:10.1007/s11145-016-9635-y

Kornrumpf, B., Niefind, F., Sommer, W., & Dimigen, O. (2016). Neural Correlates of Word Recognition: A Systematic Comparison of Natural Reading and Rapid Serial Visual Presentation. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 28(9), 1374-1391. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00977

Maruo, Y., Schacht, A., Sommer, W., & Masaki, H. (2016). Impacts of motivational valence on the error-related negativity elicited by full and partial errors. Biological Psychology, 114, 108-116. doi:

Mikac, U., Buško, V., Sommer, W., & Hildebrandt, A. (2016). Analysis of different sources of measurement error in determining second-to-fourth digit ratio, a potential indicator of perinatal sex hormones exposure. Review of Psychology, 23(1-2), 39-49. doi:10.21465/rp0023.0004

Nowparast Rostami, H., Ouyang, G., Bayer, M., Schacht, A., Zhou, C. & Sommer, W. (2016). Dissociating the Influence of Affective Word Content and Cognitive Processing Demands on the Late Positive Potential. Brain Topography, 29(1), 82-93. doi: 10.1007/s10548-015-0438-2

Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2016). Reconstructing ERP amplitude effects after compensating for trial-to-trial latency jitter: A solution based on a novel application of residue iteration decomposition. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 109, 9-20. i:

Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2016). Restoring Latency-Variable ERP Components from Single Trials: A New Approach to ERP Analysis with Residue Iteration Decomposition (RIDE). In R. Wang & X. Pan (Eds.), Advances in Cognitive Neurodynamics (V): Proceedings of the Fifth International Conference on Cognitive Neurodynamics - 2015 (pp. 519-525). Singapore: Springer Singapore.

Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., Zhou, C., Aristei, S., Pinkpank, T., & Abdel Rahman, R. (2016). Articulation Artifacts During Overt Language Production in Event-Related Brain Potentials: Description and Correction. Brain Topography, 29(6), 791-813. DOI:10.1007/s10548-016-0515-1

Rothmaler, K., Nigbur, R., & Ivanova, G. New Insights into Insight: Neurophysiological Correlates of the Difference Between the Intrinsic “Aha” and the Extrinsic “Oh Yes” Moment. Neuropsychologia. doi:

Schacht, A., Luczak, A., Pinkpank, T., Vilgis, T., & Sommer, W. (2016). The valence of food in pictures and on the plate: impacts on brain and body. International Journal of Gastronomy and Food Science, 5-6, 33-40. doi:10.1016/j.ijgfs.2016.11.002


Frömer, R., Dimigen, O., Niefind, F., Krause, N., Kliegl, R., & Sommer, W. (2015). Are Individual Differences in Reading Speed Related to Extrafoveal Visual Acuity and Crowding? PLOS ONE, 10(3), e0121986. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0121986

Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., Schacht, A., & Wilhelm, O. (2015). Perceiving and remembering emotional facial expressions — A basic facet of emotional intelligence. Intelligence, 50(0), 52-67. doi:

Hohlfeld, A., Martín-Loeches, M., & Sommer, W. (2015). Is Semantic Processing During Sentence Reading Autonomous or Controlled? Evidence from the N400 Component in a Dual Task Paradigm. Advances in Cognitive Psychology, 11(2), 42-55. doi: 10.5709/acp-0170-2

Kornrumpf, B., & Sommer, W. (2015). Modulation of the attentional span by foveal and parafoveal task load: An ERP study using attentional probes. Psychophysiology, 52(9), 1218-1227. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12448

Künecke, J., Sommer, W., Schacht, A., & Palazova, M. (2015). Embodied simulation of emotional valence: Facial muscle responses to abstract and concrete words. Psychophysiology, 52(12), 1590-1598. doi:10.1111/psyp.12555

Li, N.*, Niefind, F.*, Wang, S., Sommer, W., & Dimigen, O. (2015). Parafoveal processing in reading Chinese sentences: Evidence from event-related brain potentials. Psychophysiology, 52(10), 1361-1374. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12502. *equal contributions

Meyberg, S., Werkle-Bergner, M., Sommer, W., & Dimigen, O. (2015). Microsaccade-related brain potentials signal the focus of visuospatial attention. Neuroimage, 104(0), 79-88. doi:

Nigbur, R., Schneider, J., Sommer, W., Dimigen, O., & Stürmer, B. (2015). Ad-hoc and context-dependent adjustments of selective attention in conflict control: An ERP study with visual probes. Neuroimage, 107(0), 76-84. doi:

Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2015). A toolbox for residue iteration decomposition (RIDE)—A method for the decomposition, reconstruction, and single trial analysis of event related potentials. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 250, 7-21. doi:

Ouyang, G., Sommer, W., & Zhou, C. (2015). Updating and validating a new framework for restoring and analyzing latency-variable ERP components from single trials with residue iteration decomposition (RIDE). Psychophysiology, 52(6), 839-856. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12411

Wilhelm, O., Hildebrandt, A., & Sommer, W. (2015). Facial Perception. In International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences (pp. 676-682).

Wilhelm, O., Hildebrandt, A., & Sommer, W., 2015. Facial Perception. In: James D. Wright (editor-in-chief), International Encyclopedia of the Social & Behavioral Sciences, 2nd edition, Vol 8. Oxford: Elsevier. pp. 676–682.

Xu, L., Sommer, W., & Masaki, H. (2015). On the Structure of Movement Preparation: Inferences from Motor Schema Theory. In K. Kanosue, T. Nagami & J. Tsuchiya (Eds.), Sports Performance: Springer Japan.

Xu, L., Sommer, W., & Masaki, H. (2015). The structure of motor programming: Evidence from reaction times and lateralized readiness potentials. Psychophysiology, 52(1), 149-155. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12296

Yan, M., & Sommer, W. (2015). Parafoveal-on-foveal effects of emotional word semantics in reading Chinese sentences: Evidence from eye movements. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 41(4), 1237-1243. doi: 10.1037/xlm0000095


Dolzycka, D., Herzmann, G., Sommer, W., & Wilhelm, O. (2014). Can Training Enhance Face Cognition Abilities in Middle-Aged Adults? PLoS ONE, 9(3), e90249. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0090249

Kaltwasser, L., Hildebrandt, A., Recio, G., Wilhelm, O., & Sommer, W. (2014). Neurocognitive mechanisms of individual differences in face cognition: A replication and extension. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 14, 861-878. doi: 10.3758/s13415-013-0234-y

Kliegl, R., Dambacher, M., Dimigen, O., & Sommer, W. (2014). Oculomotor Control, Brain Potentials, and Timelines of Word Recognition during Natural Reading. In Horsley, M.; Eliot, M.; Knight, B.; Reilly, R. (Eds.): Current Trends in Eye Tracking Research (141-156). Heidelberg: Springer.

Künecke, J., Hildebrandt, A., Recio, G., Sommer, W., & Wilhelm, O. (2014). Facial EMG Responses to Emotional Expressions Are Related to Emotion Perception Ability. PLoS ONE, 9(1), e84053. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0084053

Lorenz, R. C., Gleich, T., Beck, A., Pöhland, L., Raufelder, D., Sommer, W., Rapp, M. A., Kühn, S. Gallinat, J. (2014). Reward anticipation in the adolescent and aging brain. Human Brain Mapping, 35(10), 5153-5165. doi: 10.1002/hbm.22540

Olderbak, S., Hildebrandt, A., Pinkpank, T., Sommer, W., & Wilhelm, O. (2014). Psychometric challenges and proposed solutions when scoring facial emotion expression codes. Behavior Research Methods, 46(4), 992-1006. doi: 10.3758/s13428-013-0421-3

Recio, G., Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2014). Recognizing dynamic facial expressions of emotion: Specificity and intensity effects in event-related brain potentials. Biological Psychology, 96(0), 111-125. doi: 2)

Recio, G., Shmuilovich, O., & Sommer, W. (2014). Should I smile or should I frown? An ERP study on the voluntary control of emotion-related facial expressions. Psychophysiology, 51, 789–799. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12220

Schacht, A.*, Sommer, W.*, Shmuilovich, O., Casado, P., & Martín-Loeches, M. (2014). Differential Task Effects on N400 and P600 Elicited by Semantic and Syntactic Violations. PLoS ONE, 9(3), e91226. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0091226 *Joint first-authorship

Schinkel, S., Ivanova, G., Kurths, J., & Sommer, W. (2014). Modulation of the N170 adaptation profile by higher level factors. Biological Psychology, 97, 27-34. doi:

Sommer W, Hildebrandt A, Schacht A (2014). Face Perception. In: Michalos AC (Ed.). Encyclopedia of Quality of Life and Well-Being Research. Springer, Dordrecht, Netherlands: Springer, pp 2109-2112.

Sommer, W., Bröcker, F., Martín-Loeches, M., Schacht, A., & Stürmer, B. (2014). Understanding and Designing the Meal Experience and it’s Psychological Consequences. In P. Benz (Ed.): Experience Design: Concepts and Case Studies (p. 159-169). London: Bloomsbury Academic. (ISBN: 9781472569394 PB, 9781472571144 HB).

Wilhelm, O., Hildebrandt, A., Manske, K., Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2014). Test battery for measuring the perception and recognition of facial expressions of emotion. Frontiers in Psychology, 5. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2014.00404

Xu, L., Sommer, W., & Masaki, H. (2014). On the structure of motor programming: an additive factors approach. Sport Science Research, 11, 250-263.


Boldt, A., Stürmer, B., Gaschler, R., Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2013). Get out of here, quick! Problems with transparent labels on glass doors. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Applied, 19(3), 241-253. doi: 10.1037/a0034079

Calé, M.H., Gellert, A., Katz, N., & Sommer, W. (2013). Can minor changes in the environment lower accident risk at level crossings? Results from a driving simulator based paradigm. Journal of Transportation Safety und Security, 5(4), 344-360.

Goerke, M., Cohrs, S., Rodenbeck, A., Grittner, U., Sommer, W., & Kunz, D. (2013). Declarative memory consolidation during the first night in a sleep lab: The role of REM sleep and cortisol. Psychoneuroendocrinology, 38(7), 1102-1111. doi:

Hildebrandt, A., Wilhelm, O., Herzmann, G., & Sommer, W. (2013). Face and Object Cognition Across Adult Age. Psychology and Aging, 28, 243–248. doi: 10.1037/a0031490

Kaltwasser, L., Ries, S., Sommer, W., Knight, R., & Willems, R. M. (2013). Independence of valence and reward in emotional word processing: Electrophysiological evidence. Frontiers in Psychology, 4. doi: 10.3389/fpsyg.2013.00168

Kiy, A., Wilhelm, O., Hildebrandt, A., Reuter, M., & Sommer, W. (2013). On the genetic basis of face cognition and its relation to fluid cognitive abilities. Genes, Brain and Behavior, 12(4), 438-445. doi: 10.1111/gbb.12034

Korinth, S. P., Sommer, W., & Breznitz, Z. (2013). Neuronal response specificity as a marker of reading proficiency: two-fold nature of the N170 revealed after massive repetition. Neuroreport, 24(2), 96-100. doi: 10.1097/WNR.0b013e32835d20b1

Lehle, C., Stürmer, B., & Sommer, W. (2013). The influence of dimensional overlap on location-related priming in the Simon task. The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2013.778303

Ouyang, G., Schacht, A., Zhou, C., & Sommer, W. (2013). Overcoming limitations of the ERP method with Residue Iteration Decomposition (RIDE): A demonstration in go/no-go experiments. Psychophysiology, 50(3), 253–265. doi: 10.1111/psyp.12004

Palazova, M., Sommer, W., & Schacht, A. (2013). Interplay of emotional valence and concreteness in word processing: An event-related potential study with verbs. Brain & Language, 125(3), 264-271. doi:

Recio, G., Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2013). Classification of dynamic facial expressions of emotion presented briefly. Cognition & Emotion, 1-9. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2013.794128

Rellecke, J., Sommer, W., & Schacht, A. (2013). Emotion effects on the N170: A question of reference? Brain Topography, 26 (1), 62-71. Doi: 10.1007/s10548-012-0261-y

Sommer W, Stürmer B, Shmuilovich O, Martin-Loeches M, Schacht A (2013) How about Lunch? Consequences of the Meal Context on Cognition and Emotion. PLoS ONE 8(7): e70314. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0070314

Sommer, W., Hildebrandt, A., Kunina-Habenicht, O., Schacht, A., & Wilhelm, O. (2013). Sex differences in face cognition. Acta Psychologica, 142(1), 62-73. doi:

Stürmer, B., Ouyang, G., Zhou, C., Boldt, A., & Sommer, W. (2013). Separating stimulus-driven and response-related LRP components with Residue Iteration Decomposition (RIDE). Psychophysiology, 50(1), 70-73. doi: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2012.01479.x

Yuan W, Dimigen O, Sommer W and Zhou C(2013) A model of microsaccade-related neural responses induced by short-term depression in thalamocortical synapses. Frontiers in Compututational Neuroscience 7, 47. doi:10.3389/fncom.2013.00047


Abdel Rahman, R., & Sommer, W. (2012). Knowledge scale effects in face recognition: An electrophysiological investigation. Cognitive, Affective & Behavioral Neuroscience, 12(1), 161–174. doi:10.3758/s13415-011-0063-9

Bayer, M., Sommer, W., & Schacht, A. (2012). Font Size Matters - Emotion and Attention in Cortical Responses to Written Words. PLoS ONE, 7(5), e36042. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0036042

Bayer, M., Sommer, W., & Schacht, A. (2012). P1 and beyond: Functional Separation of multiple emotion effects in word recognition. Psychophysiology. 49, 959–969.

Böhm, S.G. & Sommer, W., (2012). Independence of data-driven and conceptually driven priming: The case of person recognition. Psychological Science, 23(9), 961 - 966. Doi: 10.1177/0956797612440098.

Dimigen, O., Kliegl, R., & Sommer, W. (2012). Trans-saccadic parafoveal preview benefits in fluent reading: A study with fixation-related brain potentials. Neuroimage, 62, 381–393. doi: 10.1016/j.neuroimage.2012.04.006

Frömer, R., Hafner, V., & Sommer, W. (2012). Aiming for the bull’s eye: Preparing for throwing investigated with event related brain potentials. Psychophysiology, 49(3), 335-344. doi:10.1111/j.1469-8986.2011.01317.x

Hildebrandt, A., Schacht, A., Sommer, W., & Wilhelm, O. (2012). Measuring the speed of recognising facially expressed emotions. Cognition & Emotion, 26(4), 650-666. doi: 10.1080/02699931.2011.602046

Jiménez-Ortega, L., Martín-Loeches, M., Casado, P., Sel, A., Fondevila, S., de Tejada, P. H., . . . Sommer, W. (2012). How the Emotional Content of Discourse Affects Language Comprehension. PLoS ONE, 7(3), e33718. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0033718

Kao, C.-S. & Sommer, W. (2012). Thinking and Speaking: The Language-Specific Relationship between Conceptualization and Grammatical Encoding from a Psycholinguistic Viewpoint. J. Domke & K. Spalek (Hrsg.). Sprachliche Variationen, Varietäten und Kontexte: Beiträge zu psycholinguistischen Schnittstellen. Festschrift für Rainer Dietrich (p. 125-142). Stauffenburg Verlag: Tübingen.

Kliegl, R., Dambacher, M., Dimigen, O., Jacobs, A.M., & Sommer, W. (2012). Eye Movements and Brain Electric Potentials During Reading. Psychological Research. 76 (2), 145-158.

Korinth, S.P., Sommer, W., & Breznitz, Z (2012). Does Silent Reading Speed in Normal Adult Readers Depend on Early Visual Processes? Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials. Brain & Language, 120, 15–26.

Martin-Loeches, M., Fernández, A., Schacht, A., Sommer, W., Casado, P., Jiménez-Ortega, L., & Fondevila, S. (2012). The influence of emotional words on sentence processing. Neuropsychologia, 50(14), 3262-3272. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2012.09.010

Masaki, H., Murphy, T.I., Kamijo; K., Yamazaki, K., & Sommer, W. (2012). Foreshadowing of performance accuracy by event-related potentials: Evidence from a minimal-conflict task. PLoS 1, 7 (5), e38006.

Masaki, H., & Sommer, W. (2012). Cognitive Neuroscience of Motor Learning and Motor Control. The Journal of Physical Fitness and Sports Medicine, 1(3), 369-380.

Masaki, H., Sommer, W., Takasawa, N., & Yamazaki, K. (2012). Neural mechanisms of timing control in a coincident timing task. Experimental Brain Research, 218(2), 215-226. doi: 10.1007/s00221-012-3052-5

Rabovsky, M., Sommer, M., & Abdel Rahman, R. (2012). Implicit word learning benefits from semantic richness: Electrophysiological and behavioral evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 38(4), 1076-1083. doi: 10.1037/a0025646

Rabovsky, M., Sommer, W., & Abdel Rahman, R. (2012). Depth of conceptual knowledge modulates visual processes during word reading. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 24(4), 990-1005. doi:10.1162/jocn_a_00117

Rabovsky, M., Sommer, W., & Abdel Rahman, R. (2012). The time course of semantic richness effects in visual word recognition. Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 6(11), 1-9. doi:10.3389/fnhum.2012.00011

Rellecke, J., Sommer, W., & Schacht, A. (2012). Does Processing of Emotional Facial Expressions Depend on Intention? Time-Resolved Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials. Biological Psychology 90, 23– 32.

Sangals, J., Dippel, G., & Sommer, W. (2012). Grouping Mechanisms in Response Preparation Investigated with Event-Related Brain Potentials. Psychophysiology, 49 (3), 421–426.

Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2012). Emotions in Cognitive Conflicts. In N. M. Seel (Ed.), Encyclopedia of the Sciences of Learning (pp. 1139-1141): Springer.

Schacht, A., Adler, N., Chen, P., Guo, T., & Sommer, W. (2012). Association with positive outcome induces early effects in event-related brain potentials. Biological Psychology, 89(1), 130-136. doi: 10.1016/j.biopsycho.2011.10.001

Schinkel, S., Zamora-López, G., Dimigen, O., Sommer, W., & Kurths, J. (2012). Order Patterns Networks (orpan) – a method to estimate time-evolving functional connectivity from multivariate time series. Frontiers in Computational Neuroscience. 6:91. doi: 10.3389/fncom.2012.00091

Dietrich, R. Kao, C.-S., & Sommer,W. (2012). Linguistic relativity… another turn to the screw. M. Watorek, S. Benazzo & M. Hickmann (Eds.) Comparative Perspectives to Language Acquisition: A tribute to Clive Perdue (p. 464-481). Multilingual Matters: Bristol.


Bayer, M., Sommer, W., & Schacht,A. (2011). Emotional Words Impact the Mind but not the Body: Evidence from Pupillary Responses. Psychophysiology, 48(11), 1554–1562.

Dimigen, O., Sommer, W., Hohlfeld, A., Jacobs, A., & Kliegl, R. (2011). Co-registration of eye movements and EEG in natural reading: Analyses and review. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 140 (4), 552–572.

Dörr, P., Herzmann, G. & Sommer,W. (2011). Multiple Contributions to Priming Effects for Familiar Faces: Analyses with Backward Masking and Event-Related Potentials. British Journal of Psychology, 102, 765-782.

Fondevila, S., Martín-Loeches, M., Jiménez-Ortega, L., Casado, P., Sel, A., Fernández-Hernández, A., & Sommer, W. (2011). The sacred and the absurd - an electrophysiological study of counterintuitive ideas (at sentence level). Social Neuroscience, 7(5), 445-457. doi: 10.1080/17470919.2011.641228

Hildebrandt, A., Wilhelm, O., Schmiedek, F., Herzmann, G., & Sommer, W. (2011). On the specificity of face cognition compared to general cognitive functioning across adult age. Psychology and Aging, 26, 701-715.

Korinth, S.P., Sommer, W., & Breznitz, Z. (2011). Towards an ERP-Driven Diagnostic Approach for Reading Impairments. Developmental Neuropsychology, 36(7), 944–948.

Lehle, C., Cohen,A., Sangals, J., Sommer,W., & Stürmer, B. (2011). Differential dynamics of spatial and non-spatial stimulus-response compatibility effects: A dual task LRP study. Acta Psychologica, 136, 42-51.

Ogawa, K., Masaki,H., Yamazaki,K., & Sommer, W. (2011). The Influence of Emotions due to Verbal Admonishment and Encouragement on Performance Monitoring. Neuroreport, 22(7), 313-318.

Ouyang, G., Herzmann, G., Zhou, C., & Sommer,W. (2011). Residue Iteration lecomposition (RIDE): a new method to separate ERP components on the basis of Latency variability in single trials. Psychophysiology, 48, 1631-1647.

Palazova, M., Mantwill, K., Sommer,W. & Schacht, A. (2011). Are Effects of Emotion in Single Words Non-Lexical? Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials. Neuropsychologia, 49, 2766-2775.

Recio, G., Sommer, W., & Schacht, A. (2011). Electrophysiological correlates of perceiving and evaluating static and dynamic facial emotional expressions. Brain Research, 1376, 66–75.

Rellecke, J., Bakirtas, A.M. Sommer, W., & Schacht, A. (2011). Decision on Automaticity in attractive face processing. Brain potentials from a dual task. Neuroreport, 22 (14), 707- 710.

Rellecke, J., Palazova, M., Sommer, W., & Schacht, A. (2011). On the Automaticity of Emotion Processing in Words and Faces: Event-related Brain Potentials Evidence from a Superficial Task. Brain & Cognition, 77, 23–32.

Schinkel, S., Zamora-Lopez, G., Dimigen, O., Sommer, W., & Kurths, J. (2011). Functional network analysis reveals differences in the semantic priming task. Journal of Neuroscience Methods, 197, 333–339.

Stuermer, B., Nigbur, R., Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2011). Reward and punishment effects on error processing and conflict control. Frontiers in Psychology, 2. Retrieved from doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00335

Wirth, M., Abdel Rahman, R., Künecke, J., König, T., Horn, H., Sommer, W., & Dierks, T. (2011). Effects of transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) on behaviour and electrophysiology of language production. Neuropsychologia, 49(14), 3989-3998. doi: 10.1016/j.neuropsychologia.2011.10.015


Scheibe, C., Ullsperger, M., Sommer, W., & Heekeren,H.R. (2010). Effects of parametrical and trial-to-trial variation in prior probability processing revealed by simultaneous EEG/fMRI. Journal of Neuroscience, 30, 16709 - 16717 .

Bayer, M., Sommer, W., & Schacht, A. (2010). Reading emotional words within sentences: The impact of arousal and valence on event-related potentials. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 78, 299–307.

Herzmann, G. & Sommer,W. (2010). Effects of previous experience and associated knowledge on retrieval processes of faces: An ERP investigation of newly learned faces. Brain Research, 1356, 54-72.

Hildebrandt, A., Sommer, W., Herzmann, G., & Wilhelm, O. (2010). Structural Invariance and Age-Related Performance Differences in Face Cognition. Psychology and Aging, 24(4), 794-810.

Kao, C.-S., Dietrich,R., & Sommer,W. (2010). Processing Interrogative Sentence Mood at the Semantic-Syntactic Interface: An Electrophysiological Research in Chinese, German, and Polish. PLoSOne, 5(9): e13036. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0013036

Klostermann, F., Wahl, M., Marzinzik, F., Vesper, J., Sommer, W., & Curio, G. (2010). Speed effects of Deep Brain Stimulation for Parkinson’s Disease. Movement Disorders, 25(16), 2762–2768.

Sangals, J. & Sommer, W. (2010). The Impact of Intervening Tasks on Response Preparation. Journal of Experimental Psychology-Human Perception and Performance, 36, 415-429.

Schacht, A., Dimigen, O., & Sommer, W. (2010). Emotions in Cognitive Conflicts are not Aversive but are Task-Specific. Cognitive, Affective, and Behavioral Neuroscience., 10 (3), 349-356. doi:10.3758/CABN.10.3.349

Schacht, A., Martín-Loeches, M., Casado, P., Abdel Rahman, R., Sel, A., & Sommer, W. (2010). How is sentence processing affected by external semantic and syntactic information? Evidence from event-related potentials. PLOS ONE, 5(3), 1-12. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0009742

Wilhelm, O., Herzmann,G., Kunina, O., Danthiir, V., Schacht, A. & Sommer,W. (2010). Individual Differences in Perceiving and Recognizing Faces?One Element of Social Cognition. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 99(3), 530?548.

Wilhelm,O., Hildebrandt,A., Herzmann,G., & Sommer,W. (2010). Testinformation. Computergestütztes Testverfahren zur Erfassung gesichterspezifischer Denkleistungen ? Berlin Face Test (BeFaT). Diagnostica, 56, 119-122.


De Sanctis, P., & Sommer, W. (2009). Information Transmission for One-dimensional Stimuli: The Role of Strategies. Acta Psychologica, 131, 12-23.. DOI: 10.1016/j.actpsy.2009.02.001

Dietrich, R., Kao, C.-S., & Sommer, W. (2009). Is there a linear ordering of the semantic representation at the syntax-semantics interface? In M.-G. Pak (Ed.), Current Issues in unity and diversity of languages [CD]. Seoul: The Linguistic Society of Korea. ISBN 978-89-90696-71-7 98040.

Dimigen, O., Valsecchi, M., Sommer, W., & Kliegl, R. (2009). Human Microsaccade-Related Visual Brain Responses. The Journal of Neuroscience, 29(39), 12321-12331.

Hafner, V.V. and Sommer, W. (2009), Experimental setup for studying the development of tool-use on the example of object throwing, Proceedings of EpiRob09, Ninth International Conference on Epigenetic Robotics, pp. 209-210, Lund University Cognitive Studies, 146, Editors: Lola Canamero, Pierre-Yves Oudeyer, Christian Balkenius.

Herzmann,G., Kunina,O., Sommer,W., & Wilhelm,O. (2009). Individual Differences in Face Cognition: Brain-Behavior Relationships. Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, 22(3), 571?589. doi:10.1162/jocn.2009.21249.

Recio, G., Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2009). Effects of Inter-Stimulus Interval on Skin Conductance Responses and Event-Related Potentials in a Go/NoGo Task. Biological Psychology. 80(2), 246-250. doi:10.1016/j.biopsycho.2008.10.007

Schacht, A. & Sommer, W. (2009). Emotions in Word and Face Processing: Early and Late Cortical Responses. Brain & Cognition, 69, 538-550. DOI:10.1016/j.bandc.2008.11.005

Schacht, A. Nigbur,R., & Sommer, W. (2009). Emotions in Go/NoGo conflicts. Psychological Research/Psychologische Forschung,73(6), 843-856 . DOI: 10.1007/s00426-008-0192-0

Schacht, A., & Sommer, W. (2009). Time Course and Task Dependence of Emotion Effects in Word Processing. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioural Neuroscience. 2009, 9 (1), 28-43. DOI: 10.3758/CABN.9.1.28.

Scheibe, C., Schubert, R., Sommer, W., & Heekeren, H.R. (2009). Electrophysiological evidence for the effect of prior probability on response preparation. Psychophysiology, 46, 758?770. DOI: 10.1111/j.1469-8986.2009.00825.x.

Stürmer, B., Sommer, W., Frensch, P. (2009). Conflicts as Signals: Bridging the gap between conflict detection and cognitive control. Introduction to a special issue of Psychological Research, 73 (6), 741-743.

Valsecchi, M., Dimigen, O., Kliegl, R., Sommer, W., & Turatto, M. (2009). Microsaccadic inhibition and P300 enhancement in a visual oddball task. Psychophysiology, 46(3), 635-644


Hohlfeld, A., Ullsperger, P., & Sommer, W. (2008). How does the incrementality of auditory word processing interplay with episodic and semantic memory? Journal of Neurolinguistics. 21, 279-293.

Abdel Rahman, R., & Sommer, W. (2008). Seeing what we know and understand: How knowledge shapes perception. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review, 15(6), 1055-1063. doi:10.3758/PBR.15.6.1055

Herzmann,G., Danthiir,V., Schacht,A., Sommer,W., & Wilhelm,O. (2008). Towards a Comprehensive Test Battery for Face Processing: Assessment of the Tasks. Behaviour Research Methods., 40 (3), 840-857.

Rabovsky, M., Álvarez, C. J., Hohlfeld, A., & Sommer, W. (2008). Is lexical access autonomous? Evidence from combining overlapping tasks with recording event-related brain potentials. Brain Research, 1222, 156-165. doi:10.1016/j.brainres.2008.05.066

Schacht A, Werheid K, Sommer W (2008). The appraisal of facial beauty is rapid but not mandatory. Cognitive, Affective, & Behavioral Neuroscience, 8, 132-142.

Schubert,R., Ritter, P., Wüstenberg, T., Preuschhof, C., Curio, G., Sommer, W., & Villringer, A. (2008). Spatial attention related SEP amplitude modulations covary with BOLD signal in S1 - a simultaneous EEG-fMRI study. Cerebral Cortex, 18, 2686 ? 2700.

Sommer, W., & Hohlfeld, A. (2008). Overlapping tasks methodology as a tool for investigating language perception (pp. 125-152). In Z. Breznitz (ed.), Brain Research in Language, Springer.

Wild-Wall,N., Dimigen,O., & Sommer,W., (2008). Interaction of facial expressions and familiarity: ERP evidence. Biological Psychology, 77, 138-149.


Deffke, I., Sander,T., Heidenreich,J., Sommer, W., Curio,G., Trahms, L., & Lüschow,A., (2007). MEG/EEG sources of the 170 ms response to faces are co-localized in the fusiform gyrus. Neuroimage, 35, 1495?1501.

Herzmann, G., Danthiir,V., Wilhelm. O. Sommer, W., & Schacht, A. (2007). Face Memory: A Cognitive and Psychophysiological Approach to the Assessment of Antecedents of Emotional Intelligence (pp. 305-336). In G. Matthews, M. Zeidner, & R. Roberts, Emotional Intelligence: Knowns and unknowns. Oxford: Oxford Univ. Press.

Herzmann,G., & Sommer, W. (2007). Memory-related ERP components for experimentally learned faces and names: Characteristics and parallel-test reliabilities. Psychophysiology, 44, 262-276.

Masaki, H., Falkenstein,M., Stürmer,B., Pinkpank,T., & Sommer,W. (2007). Does the error negativity reflect response conflict strength? Evidence from a Simon task. Psychophysiology, 44, 579-585.

Sangals, J., Wilwer, M., & Sommer, W. (2007). Localising Practice Effects in Dual-Task Performance. Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology., 60(6), 860-867

Stürmer, B., Sommer, W., Frensch, P. (2007). Konflikte in intelligenten Systemen. Humboldt-Spektrum, 14, 32-38.

Werheid K, Schacht A, Sommer W (2007). Facial attractiveness modulates early and late event-related brain potentials. Biological Psychology 76, 100-108.


Böhm, S.G., Klostermann, E.C., Sommer, W., & Paller, K.A. (2006). Dissociating perceptual and representation-based contributions to priming of face recognition. Consciousness and Cognition, 15, 163-174.

Engst, F.M., Martín-Loeches, M., & Sommer, W. (2006). Memory systems for structural and semantic knowledge of faces and buildings. Brain Research, 1124 ( 1), 70-80.

Martín-Loeches, M., Nigbur, R., Casado, P., Hohlfeld, A. & Sommer,W. (2006). Semantics prevalence over syntax during sentence processing: A brain potential study of noun-adjective agreement in Spanish. Brain Research, 1093 (1), 178-189.

Sommer, W. (2006). Biologische Grundlagen. In J. Funke, und P. A. Frensch (Hrsg.) Handbuch der Allgemeinen Psychologie - Kognition (S. 86-94). Göttingen: Hogrefe.


Böhm, S.G., & Sommer, W. (2005). Neural correlates of intentional and incidental recognition of famous faces. Cognitive Brain Research, 23, 153-163.

Böhm, S.G., Sommer, W., & Lueschow,A. (2005). Correlates of implicit memory for words and faces in event-related brain potentials. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 55, 95-112

Martín-Loeches, M., Sommer, W., & Hinojosa, J.A. (2005). ERP components reflecting stimulus identification: Contrasting the recognition potential and the early repetition effect (N250r). International Journal of Psychophysiology , 55, 113-125

Werheid, K., Alpay,G., Jentzsch,I., & Sommer,W. (2005). Priming the processing of facial affect: Event-related potentials reveal early detection of emotional expression. International Journal of Psychophysiology, 55, 209-219.


Hohlfeld, A., Sangals, J., & Sommer, W. (2004). Effects of additional tasks on language perception: An ERP investigation. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, & Cognition, 30 , 1012-1025

Leuthold , H., Sommer,W., & Ulrich, R. (2004). Preparing for Action: Inferences from CNV and LRP. Journal of Psychophysiology, 18, 77-88.

Sommer, W. Hohlfeld, A. & Sangals , J. (2004). Task Load and the Microstructure of Cognition (pp. 101-107). In: The GIHRE Project and R. Dietrich with T. M. Childress (eds.) Group Interaction in High Risk Environments. Ashgate: Aldershot.

Abdel Rahman, R., Sommer, W., & Olada, E. (2004). I recognize your face, but I can't remember your name: a question of expertise? The Quarterly Journal of Experimental Psychology Section A, 57(5), 819-834. doi: 10.1080/02724980343000503

Herzmann, G., Schweinberger, S.R., Sommer, W., & Jentzsch, I. (2004). What?s special about personally familiar faces? A multimodal approach. Psychophysiology, 41, 688-701.

Hohlfeld, A., Fukuda, R., Neuper, S., Sangals, J., Sommer, W. & Sträter, O. (2004). Task Load Effects on Language Processing: Experimental Approaches (pp. 209-240). In: The GIHRE Project and R. Dietrich with T. M. Childress (eds.) Group Interaction in High Risk Environments. Ashgate: Aldershot.

Hohlfeld, A., Mierke, K. & Sommer, W. (2004). Is word perception in a second-language more vulnerable than in one?s native language? Evidence from brain potentials in a dual task setting. Brain & Language,89, 569-579.

Masaki, H., Wild-Wall, N., Sangals, J., & Sommer, W. (2004). The functional locus of the lateralized readiness potential. Psychophysiology, 41, 220-230.

Sangals, J., Roß, L. & Sommer, W. (2004). Time Pressure Effects on Information Processing in Overlapping Tasks: Evidence from the Lateralized Readiness Potential. Acta Psychologica, 117, 275-294.

Trenner M.U., Schweinberger S.R. , Jentzsch, I., & Sommer, W. (2004). Face repetition effects in direct and indirect tasks: An event-related brain potentials study. Cognitive Brain Research, 21, 388-400.


Abdel Rahman, R., & Sommer, W. (2003). Does phonological encoding in speech production always follow the retrieval of semantic knowledge? Electrophysiological evidence for parallel processing. Cognitive Brain Research, 16(3), 372-382. doi:10.1016/S0926-6410(02)00305-1

Wild-Wall, N., Sangals, J., Sommer, W., & Leuthold, H. (2003). Are fingers special? Evidence about movement preparation from event-related brain potentials. Psychophysiology, 40(1), 7-17.


Abdel Rahman, R., Sommer, W., & Schweinberger, S.R. (2002). Parallel or sequential access to semantic information and names of familiar persons? Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory and Cognition, 28(2), 366-373. DOI:10.1348/000712605X38378

Abdel Rahman, R., Sommer, W., & Schweinberger, S. R. (2002). Brain-potential evidence for the time course of access to biographical facts and names of familiar persons. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning Memory and Cognition, 28(2), 366-373. DOI:10.1037/0278-7393.28.2.366

Jentzsch, I., & Sommer, W. (2002). Functional localization and mechanisms of sequential effects in serial reaction time tasks. Perception & Psychophysics, 64, 1169-1188.

Jentzsch, I., & Sommer, W. (2002). The effect of intentional expectancy on mental processing: A chonopsychophysiological investigation. Acta Psychologia, 111, 265-282.

Pfütze, E.-M., Sommer, W., & Schweinberger,S.R. (2002) Age-Related Slowing in Face and Name Recognition: Evidence from Event-Related Brain Potentials. Psychology and Aging, 17, 140-160.

Sangals, J., Sommer, W., & Leuthold, H. (2002). Influences of presentation mode and time pressure on the utilisation of advance information in response preparation. Acta Psychologica, 109, 1-24.

Schweinberger, S.R., Klos, Th. & Sommer, W. (2002). Face and word recognition in patients with left and right hemispheric lesions: Evidence from reaction times and ERPs. Zeitschrift für Neuropsychologie, 13, 67-81.

Sommer, D., Jochmann, M., Schwan, G., Brauner, E., & Szameitat, S. (2002). Zusammenarbeit in Gruppen - Ein Vergleich zwischen Deutschland und Chile. Poster präsentiert auf dem 43. Kongress der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Psychologie in Berlin.

Stürmer, B., Leuthold, H., Soetens, E., Schröter, H., & Sommer, W. (2002). Control over location-based response activation in the Simon Task: Behavioral and Electrophysiological evidence. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 28, 1345-1363.


Jentzsch, I., & Sommer, W. (2001). Sequence-sensitive subcomponents of P300: Topographical analyses and dipole source localization. Psychophysiology, 38, 607-621.

Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., Schubert, T. (2001). Multiple bottlenecks in informa¬tion processing? An electrophysiological examination. Psychonomic Bulletin & Review 8, 81-88.


Sommer, W. (2000). Kognitive Psychophysiologie. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 208, 169-189.


Leuthold, H. & Sommer, W. (1999). ERP correlates of error processing in spatial S-R compatibility tasks. Clinical Neurophysiology, 110, 342-357.

Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., Soetens, E. (1999). Covert signs of expectancy in serial reaction time taks revealed by event-related potentials. Perception & Psychophysics, 61, 342-353.


Henke, K., Schweinberger, S., Grigo, A., Klos, T., & Sommer, W. (1998). Specificity of face recognition; Recognition of exemplars of non-face objects in prosopagnosia. Cortex, 34, 289-296.

Leuthold, H., & Sommer, W. (1998). P300 latency and post-perceptual processes. Psychophysiology, 35, 34-46.

Martín-Loeches, M. & Sommer, W. (1998). Testing two models of the irrelevant speech effect on working memory with event-related potentials reveals two different effects. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 206, 1-22.

Martin-Loeches, M., Schweinberger, S.R. & Sommer, W. (1998). The phonological similarity effect in working memory: An ERP study comparing auditory and visual input modalities. Journal of Psychophysiology, 12, 144-158.

Sommer, W. & Leuthold, H. (1998). Acute effects of alcohol revealed by event-related potentials. In J. Snell & M. M. Lorist, (Eds.), Nicotine, Caffeine and Social Drinking: Behaviour and Brain Function (pp. 275-288). London: Harwood.

Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., & Matt, J. (1998). The expectancies that govern the P300 amplitude are mostly automatic and unconscious. Behavioral and Brain Sciences, 21, 149-150.

Stief, V., Leuthold, H., Miller, J., Sommer, W., & Ulrich, R. (1998). The effect of response complexity on the lateralized readiness potential. Zeitschrift für Psychologie, 206, 305-319.

Ulrich, R., Leuthold, H., & Sommer, W. (1998). Motor programming of response force and movement direction. Psychophysiology, 35, 721-728.


Schweinberger, S., Herholz, A., & Sommer, W. (1997). Recognizing famous voices: Influences of stimulus duration and different types of retrieval cues. Journal of Speech, Language, and Hearing Research, 40, 453-463.

Sommer, W., Komoß, E., & Schweinberger, S. (1997). Dissociation of brain systems subserving memory for names and faces in normal subjects. Electroencephalography and clinical Neurophysiology, 102, 192-199.

Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., Abdel Rahman, R. & Pfütze, E.M. (1997). Die Lokalisierung des Gruppierungseffektes bei überlappenden Aufgaben. Zeitschrift für Experimentelle Psychologie, 44(1), 103-116.

Martin-Loeches, M., Schweinberger, S.R. & Sommer, W. (1997). The phonological loop model of working memory: An ERP study of irrelevant speech and phonological similarity effects. Memory & Cognition, 25, 471-483.


Sommer, W., Ulrich, R., & Leuthold, H. (1996). Das Lateralisierte Bereitschaftspotential als psychophysiologischer Zugang bei der Untersuchung kognitiver Prozesse. Psychologische Rundschau, 37, 1-14.

Leuthold, H., Sommer, W. & Ulrich, R. (1996). Partial advance information and response preparation: Inferences from the lateralized readiness potential. Journal of Experimental Psychology: General, 125, 307-323.


Schweinberger, S.R., Pfütze, E.-M., & Sommer, W. (1995). Repetition priming and associative priming of face recognition: Evidence from event-related potentials. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 21, 722-736.

Schweinberger, S.R., Klos, T., & Sommer, W. (1995). Covert face recognition in prosopagnosia: A dissociable function? Cortex, 31, 517-529.

Sommer, W., Heinz, A., Leuthold, H., Matt, J., & Schweinberger, S. (1995). Metamemory, distinctiveness and event-related potentials in face recognition. Memory & Cognition, 23, 1-11.


Schweinberger, S.R., Sommer, W. & Stiller, R.M. (1994). Event-related potentials and models of performance asymmetries in face and word recognition. Neuropsychologia, 32, 175-191.

Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., & Ulrich, R. (1994). The lateralized readiness potential preceding brief isometric force-pulses of different peak force and rate of force production. Psychophysiology, 31, 503-513.


Leuthold, H., & Sommer, W. (1993). Stimulus presentation rate dissociates sequential effects in event-related potentials and reaction time. Psychophysiology, 30, 510-517.

Schweinberger, S., Buse, C., & Sommer, W. (1993). Reaction time improvements with practice in brain-damaged patients. Cortex, 29, 333-340.

Sommer, W., Leuthold, H., & Hermanutz, M. (1993). Covert effects of alcohol revealed by event-related potentials. Perception & Psychophysics, 54, 127-135.


Matt, J., Leuthold, H., & Sommer, W. (1992). Differential effects of voluntary expectancies on reaction times and event-related potentials: Evidence for automatic and controlled expectancies. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 18, 810-822.

Schweinberger, S.R., Buse, Chr., Freeman, R.B., Jr., Schönle, P.W., & Sommer, W. (1992). Memory search for faces and digits in patients with unilateral cerebral lesions. Journal of Clinical and Experimental Neuropsychology, 14, 822-839.

Sommer, W. & Schweinberger, S. (1992). Operant conditioning of P300. Biological Psychology, 33, 37-49.


Schweinberger, S. & Sommer, W. (1991). Contributions of stimulus encoding and memory search to right hemisphere superiority in face recognition: Behavioural and electrophysiological evidence. Neuropsychologi, 29, 389-413a

Sommer, W., Schweinberger, S., & Matt, J. (1991) Human brain potential correlates of face encoding into memory. Electroencephalography and clinical Neurophysiology, 79, 457-463.


Sommer, W. & Matt, J. (1990). Awareness of P300-related cognitive processes: A signal detection approach. Psychophysiology, 27, 575-585.

Sommer, W., Matt, J. & Leuthold, H. (1990). Consciousness of attention and expectancy as reflected in event-related potentials and reaction times. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Learning, Memory, and Cognition, 16, 902-915.

Sommer, W., Matt, J., & Leuthold, H. (1990). Practice and sequential effects in reaction times and event-related potentials. In C.H.M. Brunia, A.W.K. Gaillard, & A. Kok (Eds.), Psychophysiological brain research (pp. 26-31). Tilburg: Tilburg University Press.


Stojan, L., Sperber, D., Dransfeld, K. & Sommer, W. (1988). Magnetic-field-induced changes in the human auditory evoked potentials. Naturwissenschaften, 75, 622-623.


Sommer, W. (1985). Selective attention differentially affects brainstem auditory evoked potentials of electrodermal responders and nonresponders. Psychiatry Research, 16, 227-232.


Hermanutz, M., Cohen, R., & Sommer, W. (1981). The effects of serial order in long sequences of auditory stimuli on event-related potentials. Psychophysiology, 18, 415-423.

Cohen, R., Sommer, W., & Hermanutz, M. (1981). Auditory event-related potentials in chronic schizophrenics: Effects of electrodermal response type and demands on selective attention. Advances in Biological Psychiatry, 6, 180-185